The Card Reader Machines : A Part from the Book Chapter : Geo-coding of Voters Residential Addresses: A Panacea to Election Malpractices in Jos South LGA of

card reader machines

Besides all these Bill Sweeney in his article says, Goodluck Jonathan (the then incumbent President in early 2015) congratulated Muhammadu Buhari after the polls, but there is never a perfect election and the 2015 general election in Nigeria was no exception. The Card reader machines with the permanent voter’s card (PVC) for voter verification could not read President Jonathan’s fingerprint and the same was experienced by many across the country during the 2015 general polls. In fact, there were nearly 120,000 voting points operating on Election Day, many of which did not have access to cell phone or internet service and were thus unable to receive INEC’s directives. In the end, INEC officials resolved to accredit voters manually and unfortunately, desperate politicians leveraged this loophole to move those smuggled into the country prior to Election Day to vote, since there is no means of verification. All these are fundamental to avoiding or reducing multiple voting, ballot stuffing, thuggery, the militarization of elections, vote buying and selling, and unleashing violence on innocent Nigerians and a host of others.

Nigerian electorates on the other hand seem to have lost confidence in Nigeria’s election processes and that was why the February 2023 general election had the lowest turn-out in the history of voting as alluded by IPAC, during the recent review of the last general election.

Author(s) Details:

Isa Agaie Dawodu
Department of Geo-informatics and Surveying, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus (UNN), Nigeria.

Francis Ifeanyi Okeke
Department of Geo-informatics and Surveying, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus (UNN), Nigeria.

Mubarak Umar Faruk
Department of Geo-informatics and Surveying, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus (UNN), Nigeria.

Yusuf Ibrahin Kuriwa
Department of Geo-informatics and Surveying, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus (UNN), Nigeria.


Also SeeInternational Conference on Population and Development : A Part from the Book Chapter : Rural Women Empowerment through SHG Federations in Telangana, India: A Path Analysis Approach


Recent Global Research Developments in Challenges and Imperatives in Implementing GIS for Electoral Processes in Nigeria

Mapping and Spatial Distribution of Polling Units in Akure North L.G.A, Ondo State:

A study conducted in Akure North Local Government Area (L.G.A) of Ondo State, Nigeria, focused on mapping and spatially distributing polling units to enhance voting progress [1].

  • Methodology:
  • Existing polling units were identified and mapped using Global Positioning System (GPS).
  • A geo-database was created to store spatial coordinates.
  • Queries examined ownership of polling unit premises and identified units with over 500 registered voters.
  • Geocoding provided text-based location descriptions.
  • Nearest Neighbor Analysis (NNA) assessed distribution patterns.
    Results:
  • Some polling units were located outside the boundary.
  • 63 units were privately owned, while 43 were in government facilities.
  • Recommendation: Adopt this approach to improve identification and navigation to polling units.

Mapping and Suitability Analysis of Polling Units in Katsina L.G.A:

Another study in Katsina Local Government Area (L.G.A) of Katsina State, Nigeria, aimed to create a suitability map for existing polling units [2].

  • Methodology:
  • Geospatial data (GPS coordinates, imagery, and SRTM elevation data) were collected.
  • Factors like hospitals, schools, settlements, roads, and police stations were weighted.
  • Suitability analysis determined optimal locations for polling units.
  • Conclusion: Geospatial techniques can aid in conducting free, fair, peaceful, and credible elections.

Site Selection of Electoral Polling Units in Zaria, Kaduna State:

References

  1. Tata, H. H., Olatunbosun, V. A., Taiwo, O. E., & Titilade, A. S. (2024). MAPPING AND SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF POLLING UNITS TO ENHANCE VOTING PROGRESS IN AKURE NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ONDO STATE, NIGERIA. African Journal on Land Policy and Geospatial Sciences, 7(1), 148-158.
  2. Bala, A., Pirasteh, S., Aliyu, Y. A., Aliyu, A. O., Bawa, S., & Abdulwahab, I. (2022). Mapping and suitability analysis of existing electoral polling units in Katsina local government area of Katsina State, Nigeria. Survey Review, 54(387), 469-478.
  3. Kaka Zenabu, A. T. T. A., ADEWUYI, T. O., Ahmed, A., ISIOYE, O. A., AKOMOLAFE, E. A., ONUTO, A., & GIWA, L. O. Site Selection of Electoral Polling Unit Using Geospatial Technology for Zaria, Kaduna State Nigeria.
  4.  Adeleke, R., Alabede, O. & Amusan, K. Geospatial Analysis of Invalid Voting in the 2019 Presidential Election in Nigeria. J geovis spat anal 6, 23 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41651-022-00118-w

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