There is Currently no Cure for Schizophrenia : A Part from the Book Chapter : Progress in Health Education for Schizophrenia in China

schizophrenia

Behavior correction intervention combined with Teach-back health education model

There is currently no cure for schizophrenia. The use of antipsychotic drugs can control mental symptoms, but it is difficult to improve the patient’s living and social abilities, and it is difficult to alleviate their stress. Behavioral correction and skill training are based on the theory of behavioral modification, which aims to strengthen, maintain, or weaken, or diminish a certain behavior by intervening in the connection between a certain stimulus and behavior. The aim is to train patients in independent living skills, and social skills, change their negative cognition and emotions, transform their withdrawn personalities, improve their social function, and enhance their quality of life. On the other hand, due to the obstacles of self-awareness, thinking, and cognitive function in patients, conventional health education adopts a one-way information transmission method, which results in low patient cooperation and poor effectiveness. However, the Teach-back health education model adopts a two-way information transmission mode, with patients as the center, emphasizing patients’ feedback and knowledge mastery, effectively transmitting health information, and enhancing the effectiveness of health education.

Author(s) Details:

Hou Yongmei

Department of Psychology, School of Humanities and Management, Guangdong Medical University,
Dongguan, Guangdong Province, China.


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Recent Global Research Developments in Schizophrenia Health Education in China: Current Trends

Prevalence of Schizophrenia in China (1990-2010):

  • A study published in the Journal of Global Health [1] analyzed 42 epidemiological studies conducted between 1990 and 2010. The analysis involved a total of 2,284,957 individuals, with 10,506 diagnosed with schizophrenia.
  • Bayesian methods were used to estimate the prevalence of schizophrenia by type of residency (rural vs. urban) in different years.
  • Economic development, lifestyle changes, and urbanization may have influenced mental health in China during this period.

Temporal Trends in Incidence and Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs):

  • A recent study [2] examined temporal trends in the incidence and DALYs of schizophrenia in China over 30 years.
  • Understanding these trends is crucial for effective health education and resource allocation.

Treatment Rate of Schizophrenia:

  • A meta-analysis [3] explored the treatment rate of schizophrenia in China.
  • It provides insights into the effectiveness of existing interventions and highlights areas for improvement.

Family Education for People with Schizophrenia:

  • Although research on family management of schizophrenia is still in its early stages in China, some studies have focused on developing education programs[4] .
  • Family education plays a vital role in supporting individuals with schizophrenia.

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Prevalence:

  • Another study systematically evaluated the prevalence of schizophrenia in China, providing essential reference data for health policies and resource allocation [5].

References

  1. Chan, K. Y., Zhao, F. F., Meng, S., Demaio, A. R., Reed, C., Theodoratou, E., … & Global Health Epidemiology Reference Group (GHERG. (2015). Prevalence of schizophrenia in China between 1990 and 2010. Journal of global health, 5(1).
  2. Dong W, Liu Y, Sun J, Liu Y, Sun Z and Bai R (2022) Temporal Trends in the Incidence and Disability Adjusted Life Years of Schizophrenia in China Over 30 Years. Front. Psychiatry 13:831188. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2022.831188
  3. Qi, H., Zong, QQ., An, FR. et al. Treatment Rate of Schizophrenia in China: a Meta-Analysis of Epidemiological Studies. Psychiatr Q 91, 863–875 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11126-020-09740-7
  4. Li Z, Arthur D. Family education for people with schizophrenia in Beijing, China: Randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry. 2005;187(4):339-345. doi:10.1192/bjp.187.4.339
  5. Haiying, J., Haihan, C., Tao, H., Weidong, J., & Fengli, S. (2023). A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of the Prevalence of Schizophrenia in China From 2000 to 2020.

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